Dun Laoghaire Institute of Art Design & Technology
Plagiarism Policy




Introduction
This document outlines:
  • Definitions of plagiarism
  • Why plagiarism is a problem
  • Consequences of plagiarism
  • Avoiding plagiarism

This document links to the IADT Learning, Teaching and Assessment Strategy 2008-2010, the IADT Learner Charter and the IADT Student Handbook.


Definition of Plagiarism
Plagiarism is using someone else’s ideas without acknowledgement. It can be defined as:

The presentation of another person’s words, ideas, arguments, concepts or designs as though they were your own. Plagiarism refers to all media, printed or electronic including images and software.


There are different types of plagiarism. Here are the definitions adopted by the Institute:


  1. Minor Plagiarism: this is taking parts of work from a source or sources and using them without acknowledgement in a submitted assignment. This type of plagiarism often arises because students are unsure how and when to reference secondary material.

  1. Moderate Plagiarism: this occurs when a student closely follows a source, partially changes words and phrases to disguise the end result.

  1. Serious Plagiarism: the submission of ideas/results a student knows all or a substantial part of which is not his/her own work.

Repeated offences: Each incidence of plagiarism is counted over the entire duration of a student’s programme. If a student offends a second time then the incident is deemed to be a more serious offence.

Plagiarism may take many forms and vary both in practice and impact on learning outcomes depending on the discipline/practice concerned. In order to better explain the levels of plagiarism to students, examples are provided in programme handbooks.


Why Plagiarism is a Problem?
Plagiarism is a problem because:
  • it is unprofessional to use the work of others without acknowledgement
  • it may result in the award of grades which do not reflect a student's performance or ability
  • it may mean that students do not learn from the assessment task
  • it devalues the work of other students
  • it undermines the credibility of the programmes and the Institute.


Consequences of plagiarism
Plagiarism is a serious form of academic misconduct. Penalties are attached to each instance of plagiarism. The penalties for each type of plagiarism are outlined:


Minor Plagiarism Penalty:
The grade is reduced appropriately for the specific assignment. The student may be allowed to resubmit. All instances of minor plagiarism are noted by the Programme Board[1].


Moderate Plagiarism Penalty:
The grade is reduced to an F for the specific assignment. The student may be allowed to resubmit. All instances of moderate plagiarism are noted by the Programme Board.


Serious Plagiarism Penalty: The assignment is given no grade and the student may not be entitled to resubmit. In non-award years cases of plagiarism are considered by the Programme Board. In an award year cases of plagiarism are referred to the Institute Disciplinary Committee. Penalties can run up to expulsion.

The lecturer uses his/her discretion and judgement when determining penalties for minor and moderate plagiarism.

Students have the right to appeal through the due process of the Appeals system. For minor and moderate plagiarism appeals in the first instance are to the Head of Department.

Avoiding Plagiarism
Institute procedures and supports inform students and help them avoid inadvertent plagiarism.

Programme Boards
Programme Boards can help minimise plagiarism by:
  • Developing clear programme assessment strategies and accompanying module assessment strategies
  • Implementing the appropriate citation method across the programme
  • Providing clear guidelines for assignments with accompanying assessment criteria
  • Include in assessment tasks processes designed to test for plagiarism e.g. assessment panels, project presentations
  • Teaching referencing skills across the programme e.g. how to conduct independent research; how to reference material from sources; how to paraphrase; how to write up references properly
  • Briefing students on plagiarism each year as part of the programme
  • Including examples of plagiarism in the programme handbook
  • Encouraging students to use electronic detection methods for written work. The Institute has SafeAssign as a feature in Blackboard.

Students
There are a number of strategies for avoiding plagiarism.
Students can minimise the possibility of accidental plagiarism by:

  • Informing themselves of plagiarism and what it means in their programme e.g. reading the IADT Student Handbook, the programme handbook
  • Developing a clear understanding of the assessment tasks
  • Developing the appropriate research and referencing skills
  • Reviewing assignments before submission to check for plagiarism – this includes SafeAssign in Blackboard to review written work
  • Using the Writing and Research Skills Service to help them with their work.

Appendix 1 contains some references and resources for both Programme Boards and students about plagiarism. Appendix 2 lists citation methods used by programme.


Conclusion
Plagiarism is a serious challenge to academic integrity. IADT aims to help students to reach their potential through the provision of a supportive, vibrant and challenging learning environment. Plagiarism has no place in the IADT learning environment and this policy is a means of helping and informing students and staff about plagiarism and how it can be managed and preferably prevented.

Teaching and Learning Committee
October 2009


Appendix 1

Plagiarism Resources

Students
This is an online tutorial to test your knowledge on what plagiarism is. It was devised by Acadia University (Canada). It takes about 10 minutes.
Arcadia University. (2008). You Quote it, You Note it! Retrieved 20 October 2009 from http://library.acadiau.ca/tutorials/plagiarism/.

The Owl at Purdue. (2009). Avoiding Plagiarism. Retrieved 20 October 2009 from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/01/.

The Owl at Purdue. (2009). Avoiding Plagiarism, Safe Practices: An Exercise. Retrieved 20 October 2009 from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/04/

iParadigms LLC. (2009). Plagiarism dot Org. Retrieved 20 October from http://www.plagiarism.org/.

Higher Education Academy. (2009) Companion for Undergraduate Dissertations – Plagiarism. Retrieved 20 October 2009 from http://www.socscidiss.bham.ac.uk/s14.html.




Programme Boards
University of British Columbia. (2009) Plagiarism Resource Centre: For Faculty. Retrieved 20 October 2009 from http://www.library.ubc.ca/home/plagiarism/for-faculty.html.

iParadigms LLC. (2009). Plagiarism dot Org. Retrieved 20 October from http://www.plagiarism.org/.

Higher Education Academy. (2009) Companion for Undergraduate Dissertations – Plagiarism. Retrieved 20 October 2009 from http://www.socscidiss.bham.ac.uk/s14.html.



Appendix 2 Summary of Citation Methods used @ IADT

Programme
Title
Citation Method
School of Creative Arts
DL041
BA (Hons) Animation
Modern Language Association (MLA)
DL042
BA (Hons) Photography
Modern Language Association (MLA)
DL043
BA (Hons) Visual Communication Design
Modern Language Association (MLA)
DL044
BA (Hons) Visual Arts Practice
Modern Language Association (MLA)
DL045
BA (Hons) Film & TV Production
Modern Language Association (MLA)
DL046
BA (Hons) Design for Modelmaking
Modern Language Association (MLA)
DL047/DL048/DL049
BA (Hons) in Design for Stage and Screen
Modern Language Association (MLA)
DL051
MA Screenwriting
Modern Language Association (MLA)
DL052
MA Visual Arts Practices
Modern Language Association (MLA)
DL357
Postgraduate Diploma – MA/MSc in Digital Media

School of Business and Humanities
DL231
BBS Enterprise
Harvard Referencing System
DL241
BA (Hons) English Media & Cultural Studies
Modern Humanities Research Association (MHRA)
Harvard

DL242
BA (Hons) Business and Arts Management
Harvard Referencing System
DL243
BBS (Hons) Entrepreneurship
Harvard Referencing System
DL253
Postgraduate Diploma in Business Event Management
Harvard Referencing System
DL254
MA in Public Culture Studies
No specified citation method
School of Creative Technologies
DL111S – DL115S
Special Purpose Awards
American Psychological Society (APA)
DL131
BSc Computing in Multimedia Programming
Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
DL133
BEng in Audio Visual Media Technology
Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
DL141
BSc (Hons) Psychology applied to IT
American Psychological Society (APA)
DL143
BSc (Hons) Computing in Multimedia Systems
Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
DL155
MSc Cyberpsychology
American Psychological Society (APA)


l

[1] Instances of plagiarism are noted at Programme Boards and Programme Teams are informed of the names.

Useful External Resources

PLAGIARISM is using others ideas and words without clearly acknowledging the source of that information.
In the preparation of essays and projects, we continually engage with other people's ideas: we read them in books, hear them in lectures, discuss them in class. When we begin to write essays, and incorporate these ideas into our own writing, it is very important that we give credit where it is due.


Useful Resources


This page outlines what plagiarism is and how to avoid it. alternatively, test your knowledge by doing this Online Tutorialdevised by Acadia University (Canada) it takes about 10 minutes


This website contains the archives of the Colby, Bates, and Bowdoin (CBB) Plagiarism Resource Site.

Avoiding plagiarism



To avoid plagiarism you must give credit whenever you :
  • use another person's idea, opinion, or theory
  • use any facts, statistics, graphs, drawings, etc that are not common knowledge
  • use quotations of another person's actual spoken or written words
  • paraphrase another person's spoken or written words.

To help you recognise what plagiarism looks like and what strategies you can use to avoid it, select one of the following :
  • How to recognise an unacceptable paraphrase, ie, plagiarism
  • Strategies for avoiding plagiarism
  • Using quotations
  • Writing about others' work
  • Reporting verbs
  • Plagiarism and the World Wide Web
  • Some Definitions

How to recognise unacceptable paraphrase, ie, plagiarism


The following ORIGINAL text has been taken from the book: The Google Story.

“Not since Gutenberg invented the modern printing press more than 500 years ago, making books and scientific tomes affordable and widely available to the masses, has any new invention empowered individuals, and transformed access to information, as profoundly as Google.”
From: Vise, David A. (2005) The Google Story. Macmillan: London

Unacceptable paraphrase that is plagiarism:

The most important invention that has affected access to information since Gutenberg invented the modern printing press and made books affordable and widely available, is Google, an invention that has empowered individuals and transformed access to information around the world.

This passage is considered plagiarism because:
  • The writer does not cite the author as the source of the ideas
  • The passage is too close to the original text. Only a few phrases or words have been changed.

Here's an ACCEPTABLE paraphrase:

It has been stated that Google has revolutionised the information world by providing access to information through the internet. Vise notes that not since Gutenberg invented the modern press has any new invention empowered individuals and transformed access to information as profoundly as Google. (Vise, 2005 p. 1)

This is ACCEPTABLE paraphrasing because:
  • The author of the text has been cited correctly
  • The writer has used their own words
  • The writer gives credit for the ideas in the passage

Directly Quoting The Text

Google has revolutionised the way people access information in today’s information technological society. “Not since Gutenberg invented the modern printing press ... has any new invention empowered individuals, and transformed access to information, as profoundly as Google.” (Vise, 2005 p. 1) Google’s easy to use search engine enables users to access information quickly and efficiently through various options, including Google Scholar and Google Book Search.

This is the correct way to use a direct quote because:
  • The direct quote is in quotations
  • The page number has been included

Strategies for avoiding plagiarism:

    • Put in quotations everything that comes directly from the text especially when taking notes.
    • Paraphrase, but be sure you are not just rearranging or replacing a few words. - Instead, read over what you want to paraphrase carefully; cover up the text with your hand, or close the text so you can't see any of it (and so aren't tempted to use the text as a guide). Write out the idea in your own words without peeking.
    • Check your paraphrase against the original text to be sure you have not accidentally used the same phrases or words, and that the information is accurate.

When to use quotations

    • when the exact words are relevant to your argument;
    • when something is expressed in an unique way,
    • when rewriting would cause loss of impact

Short quotations can make a strong impact. When using someone's words you must use quotation marks, and state precisely where the quotation comes from - ie. cite the author, date and page number at the end of the quotation.

How to use quotations

  • Place a short quotation into the text (fewer than 40 words), using double quotation marks. Longer quotations should begin on a new line, and be in a free-standing block of typewritten lines
  • Place the passage you are using in quotation marks, and give the author/source information. The following example uses the APA citation style
  • Within a quotation use three dots (.) to indicate omitted words


Example:
He stated that Google has, "empowered individuals and transformed access to information " ( Vise, 2005 p. 1)
OR
Vise (2005) argues that Google has "empowered individuals and transformed access to information" ( p. 1).

Writing about others' work


When you decide to use a citation you may need to use a reporting verb to integrate it into your text. For example "Hudson (2004) identifies the benefits of videocounselling for families of teenagers with epilepsy (p. 76). - Note the page details are given at the end of each sentence.

Examples of ACTIVE verbs


Vise (2005) established that . (p. 27)
Vise (2005) examined the issue from a different perspective. (p. 27).
Referring to "transformed access to information", Vise (2005) states that . (p. 27).
Vise (2005) contends that . (p. 27)

Examples of PASSIVE verbs


Vise (2005) claimed that . (p. 27)
Vise (2005) suggests that . (p. 27)
Or
Three possible intrepretations of these results have been suggested (Vise, 2005, p27)
According to Vise (2005) . (p. 276)

Note that it is also possible to cite an author without using a reporting verb. Simply restate the authors point of view - in your own words, or use the phrase "according to".
For example " According to Malley (2004, p.25) the accidental plagiarist is one who doesn't understand plagiarism"

Plagiarism and the World Wide Web:


The Web has become a popular source of information for student papers. To avoid plagiarising these sources follow the same guidelines as print sources:
  • When referring to ideas or quotations from a website, you must cite that source
  • When copying visual information or graphics from a website the source of the visual information or graphic must be cited
  • When citing information found on a website, note the date the website was accessed, and cite the URL in the text only. It may not benecessary to cite a website in the reference list.

Examples...


Within text :
Intute - Social Sciences is an excellent internet resource for students
OR
"As noted on the Sociology Psychology Network 16 May 1999, ..."

Within a reference list:
Victorial Womens Writers Project . Ed Perry Willett. May 2000. Indiana U 10 February, 26 2002 <http://www.indiana.edu/~letrs/vwwp/>